The Rogue in Me
Chapter 4 pt. 1
Inca Gold, they harvested the colors in the skies.
Peru is a fascinating piece of real estate encased with ever changing beauty at the turn of every corner especially in the Sacred Valley. Peru was the last place in the world I thought I would visit much less be researching ancient cultures, their people and the mysteries surrounding them and how this information connects globally. Those initial steps are now past tense and I have researched in Peru for almost two years now and planning the 3rd trip for next year. When I came I was interested in the stonework, its age and purpose. Now I find I look for reasons behind its cover-up and destruction, also the evidence shows there is a saga to be written about this land that has been hidden by destruction, time, repair and dismantling. The recycling carried out by the Andean cultures over tens of thousands of years and by the rise of the Andes mountains themselves have changed the landscape in the Sacred Valley many times. The evidence of ancient floods and landslides have created valley floors that are teaming with growth and hillsides covered in grasses with the terraces of ages gone by. Earthquakes have moved large sections of the mountains into shapes that defy explanation as they reach into the sky.
This cliff face is proof there was sculptures in very ancient time.
According to the evidence we see on the walls throughout the Sacred Valley, many of the ancient sites were in disrepair until the Inca and earlier civilizations in Peru attempted to repair large sections of the walls that had succumbed to time, events and the elements. We saw where the Ukun Pacha was painstakingly hammered and chiseled into polygonal shapes and fitted together in an attempt to replicate the stonework they found at the end of the Inka migrations. Ukun Pacha is the last layer of the stonework which is very easily identified because the attempt to replicate the quality the ancients achieved and was a failure in that sense. Yet, in the process the early cultures for example, The Wari and the many other pre Inka cultures learned how to make magnificent works of stone terraces, walls, canal systems and a variety of landscapes that still to this day are amazing sights to see. The evidence points to it being highly probable that some of terraces and the canal systems were in place and they repaired and added to them. Who knows what the landscape would look like if the Conquistadors had lost their quest to conquer the Inca? We can only imagine this now because what it boils down to are some very simple human faults, jealousy and greed. The end started in the years of 1531/32 when an explorer, affectionately called the “Pig Farmer” in Peru gained financing to explore the west coast of South America. Francisco Pizarro was to be the curse of nations and came from the bowels of the Earth. His story is one that must be told to understand Peru and the Cultures that walked this land since possibly, the beginning of time as we know it.
(The Pig Farmer)
Born: Trujillo, Spain: 1474/1541
forensic reconstruction of Francisco Pizarro’s face
This is a forensic reconstruction of the face of Francisco Pizarro (c. 1471 or 1476 – 26 June 1541), the Spanish conquistador who defeated the Incan empire in modern day Peru. It was created by an American forensic scientist from the University of Florida, using measurements taken from Pizarro’s skull which was discovered in Lima Cathedral, Peru.
The bust is in the Museo de la Coria in Trujillo, Extremadura, Spain.
(Pic courtesy of dOgwalker/flicker photos, Google search)
Francisco Pizarrio’s was born in Trujillo, Spain and his actual birth date is in question, some say he was born in 1471 and some say 1475. Francisco was born the illegitimate son of Gonzalo Pizarro Aguilar Sr. to an impoverished woman. Gonzalo Pizarro Aguilar Sr., was a Colonel in the infantry that fought in the Italian campaigns and had established the rank of Nobel man within Spanish society. He had many sons from different mothers, oddly with the same names. Francisco Pizarro was the second cousin of Hernan Cortez, the Conquer of the Aztec Empire.
Pizarro the Soldier:
At the age of thirty nine, Pizarro served under Vasco Balboa on the 1513 expedition which ended with the discovery of the Pacific Ocean. After that, Pizarro became a close associate of the Governor of Mexico, Pedrarias Davila and was appointed a position over natives and cattle. He was later instructed by Pedrarias Davila to arrest Balboa and bring him to trial, which Pizarro did willingly, even after Balboa had come to his rescue in Colombia and helped him re-establish an almost failed colony/city. Balboa was arrested and taken to trial and was found guilty. Balboa was beheaded in January of 1519. Pizarro was rewarded for his loyalty to the devious and calculating Davila and was bestowed the position of the Mayor and Magistrate of Panama from 1519 to 1523. Pizarro wasn’t satisfied with being just a soldier because he wanted to make his own fortunes and discoveries. Unlike most of the Conquistadors and Governors of the time that were men of status and rank, Pizarro was determined he was not going to let his social standing stop him as he clawed his way to the top. After all he was only a pig farmer’s son.
The First Expedition: Upon returning to Spain from his journey with Balboa, Pizarro entered a partnership with a soldier, Diego de Almargo and a wealthy and unscrupulous Priest, Hernando de Lugue. They agreed to go south and conquer the Inca and share the rewards equally among them. After a failed attempt to invade Colombia where Almargo lost an eye from an arrow they returned to Panama. They quickly started another attempt to go south but ran into resistance from Pedrarias Davila who after some time gave in to their requests. At the same time there was a change in the office of the Governor and Pedro de los Rios, in July 1526, approved the expeditions willingly.
The first expedition ended in failure due to bad weather, lack of food, and the skirmishes with hostile natives where they were defeated.
The Second Expedition: By August 1526 they were ready to go again and left Panama with two ships and with an estimated force of one hundred and sixty men and horses, which was two times the size of the initial expedition of eighty men, forty horses and one ship.
Most of the second expedition’s horses became sick and were lost to the colic. Almagro was ready to travel back to Panama to get more horses, but Pizarro was able to talk him out of this action and they continued on down the coast. Pizarro stopped at a place they called the San Juan River. Pizarro embarked onshore and Pizarro’s main pilot, Bartolome Ruiz continued south and after crossing the equator, found and captured a raft of natives from Tumpis. To everyone’s surprise the rafts carried a load of textiles, ceramics objects, and some much desired pieces of gold, silver, and emeralds, making Ruizs’s new findings the central focus of the second expedition. This only served the conquistadors’ interest for more gold and land.
Some of the natives were also taken aboard Ruiz’s ship to serve as interpreters. He then set sail north for the San Juan River, arriving to find Pizarro and his men exhausted from their explorations of the lands around the river. The findings and excellent news from Ruiz ignited Pizarro and his men with new vigor. They decided to head south again to the waters where Ruiz made his find. It was a difficult voyage with strong winds and currents however, they eventually reached the Ecuadorian coast. There they found a very large population of natives recently brought under Qhitjva rule. Pizarro refused to return to Panama this time even when the supplies dwindled and his followers abandoned the quest. His party was down to thirteen men and four horses meaning a loss of 47 men from the original 60.
Pizarro further explored the inland where he found elaborate gold and silver jewelry from the coastal tribes. He was also supplied with more information as to where the Inca lands were. He had amassed a small fortune that was big enough for him to take back to Spain and bypass all the local authorities in Panama. He went to Spain and asked for help directly from Charles V, however, even with the Kings backing it was still far from being secured.
The Third Expedition: Pizarro, his three half-brothers and Almagro and Lugue, his partners, sailed from Spain to Panama and onto Peru. Going against the Humboldt currents, it took them two years to reach the coast of Peru.
In the fall of 1531 Pizarro entered the northern city of Cajamarca, Peru and took the Inca Emperor, Atahualpa, hostage and held him for ransom with very little resistance. All just three weeks after Atahuallpa won the Battle of Caxamalca, that ended the civil war between Atahualpa and his half brother, Huascar. The Inca were fierce mighty warriors and were caught off guard, tired and battle worn and they fostered the belief that the Spaniards were Gods of Immortality and sadly were not seen as an enemy until it was too late.The Inca were conquered by a small handful of Spaniards as were the Aztecs by Cortez in Mexico. Holding the Inca Emperor Atahualpa hostage resulted in a very large ransom that Pizarro wasn’t happy with so he sent a party of three men to Cusco, Peru to collect more gold and to claim the city for Spain.
The Maya and Inka warrior’s weaponry were far more lethal than we realize and the warriors themselves were fierce fighters. I believe if the Maya and Inca had of had firearms the outcome of these conquests would be much different. (pic via google images.)
According to records he sent two illiterate sailors and a Basque notary to Cusco, six-hundred miles from Cajamarca into the Andes. They were carried in Royal Inca Litters through territory never seen by any Europeans before and they were the first Europeans to enter Cusco, the Inca Capital. Immediately they were we struck and they compared Cusco to places like Rome, Venice and many places in Spain. Venice? One of the first things the trio noticed were the Stone Walls in Cusco that were constructed better and finer than any place in the known world and although they compared them to the colossal works by the Romans, including structures attributed to Hercules, the walls in Cusco were far superior. It is evident the Spanish dismantled and buried as much of the evidence as they could. I mean, how could they let a culture of uncivilized barbarians they felt inferior to them, the Spanish, have something that was more magnificent than theirs? I ask how could there be something on the planet more magnificent than the works of the Greeks, Romans, Spanish and Venetians and not be known?
The Notary, Captain Geronimo de Aliaga, drew up the papers and claimed the City in the name of Spain, while the two illiterate sailors and the Inca’s looked on. None other than the notary realized what was happening.
Cusco was the Royal Hub (Navel) of the Inca Empire and the elite lived within gated walls that surrounded the city of Cusco at the time. Cusco means “Navel” in the Inca language. The Ruling Emperor and the lesser rulers were tucked away at 11,300 feet above sea level in a fortress made for the Ruling Class. The Four Suyu (Quechua) were the four divisions of the Inca Empire and the group of the four is called Tawantinsuyu. The regions/valleys of the Tawantinsuyu were connected by a spider web road system radiating out of Cusco into a network that extended into the far reaches of the Empire. (I must note that according to the theory of Alfredo Gamarra the Sacred Valley was the navel of the world, not just the Inca Empire.)
The Navel aspects applied to Cusco because the workers (Peasants) were the workhorses for the elite and kept the city supplied with everything available in the Empire. The road system extended to the edge of the Empire and is said to have been twenty-five thousand miles of spider webbed roads and trails. When the trio, sent by Pizarro wandered about the city they found warehouses full to the ceilings with the goods that millions of Incas labored to keep full.
After the news reached Pizarro that gold had not been found in Cusco, Atahuallpa was tied to a chair in the treasure room. Pizarro came up from behind and garroted him while he sat helpless in the chair, killed in the same fashion used with a wire to slaughter pigs. Unfortunately Atahuallpa had drawn a line on the wall to show Pizarro how much gold would be paid for his ransom. Sadly for Atahuallpa the Inca had a practice of making thin gold overlays that were placed on walls and when stacked up like paper they didn’t reach the line. Truth be told, many places did not send all the gold they had and that also led to the shortfall. Even though it was a mass fortune, Pizarro, being the greedy sort he was, killed Atahuallpa, in one of the cruelest manners possible for a Proud King to die.
Even though Almagro had served as an equal partner for eight years with Pizarro when it came to dividing loot, Pizarro’s brothers, who had only served for two years were given bigger pieces of the divisions. This betrayal eventually led to a civil war fought in Cusco where Almagro was killed. This was the downfall of the Pizarro brothers. Juan, one of Pizarro’s brothers was killed in the revolution in Cusco and eventually Pizarro was murdered in his home by a band of Almagro supporters in 1741. The other brother, Gonzalo was beheaded for treachery after his army abandoned him on the field against the governor that replaced Pizarro. It seems most of the conquistadors met ill-fated ends. But none were more deserving than Pizarro and his brothers.
To this day the name Pizarro is followed by the moniker “Pig Farmer” in Peru and as I look out my window I see a city he helped dismantle along with the Roman Catholic Church’s assistance. They have disassembled walls and have scattered them throughout the city using pieces and parts for building their cathedrals and churches. forever destroying the great city of Cusco, the City of Kings, the Naval of the Inca Empire as it was in its grandeur.
In my opinion, they were attempting to destroy something that was greater than anything in Rome, Spain and Egypt combined! There is still time for us to piece together what was and what it should be. This can only happen if, on a global level, the people were to stand up and demand the Roman Catholic Church release and show us what they have hidden underneath the nine Roman Catholic churches and cathedrals within a two square mile area in old Historical Cusco. They need to explain to us why every tunnel found in Cusco in the past and present has been sealed without exploration by outside investigators, without bias to any religion or government. The gold and riches that were stolen from these people and shipped to Spain and Rome should be returned so this culture can restore itself. Let’s give it back!!! It is said that the economy of the whole of Europe’s economy was changed for 350 years from the gold that the Spanish brought back to Spain from Peru. And giving it back is out of the question because Spain itself is on the verge of bankruptcy these days.
I am finding the deeper we dig the more we connect to times unimaginable a few decades ago. Just five hundred years ago the wealth in precious metals possessed by the Inca was discovered, then pillaged and plundered by Spanish conquistadors. The booty they shipped back to Spain changed the totality of the European economic system for hundreds of years in the wake of Pizarro, the Pig Farmer, the explorer that left a highly developed civilization in tatters. A culture with a single government that controlled many diverse tribes, many of which were scattered throughout the Andes in the remotest of areas.
The Inca & Beyond
The Inca Empire was and still is a mystery to me in so many ways. According to mainstream numbers the Inca Empire lasted less than one hundred years, from ca.1438 AD to 1532 AD, an estimated total of ninety-four years. Researchers seem to agree that there were thirteen Inca Rulers and were known by various titles, including “Sapa Inca,” “Capac Apu”, “Intip Cori”, “Capac-Cuna”, meaning, “Great Ones” or “Glorious Ones” or simply as “The Inka”. In the Quechua language the “Inka” was the title of the Emperor, as in “The Inka”, the King. As the Spanish gained more control, the name Inca was passed onto Inca subjects that the Empire included.
Here is a list of the thirteen Inka Emperors I consider the Sapa Inka, they died off , the last being Atahualpa.
1. Manco Capac– The Sun God
2. Sinchi Roca
3. Lloque Yupanqui
4. Maita Capac
5. Capac Yupanqui
6. Inca Roca
7. Yahuar Huacac
8. Inca Viracocha
9. Pachacuti-Inka-Yupanqui 1438–1471
The Inca ruler Pachacuti, the ninth Inca Emperor, and his army began conquering lands surrounding the Inca heartland of Cuzco somewhere around 1350 AD. This was a time of rapid expansion for the Incas.
10. Topa Inka Yupanqui 1471–1493
11. Huayna Capac 1493–1527
12. Huascar 1527–1532
13. Atahualpa 1532–1533
Post-Spanish assassination of Atahuallpa Sapa Inca
14.Tupac Huallpa 1533
15. Manco Inca Yupanqui 1533–1544
16. Paullu Inca 1536–1549
17. Sayri Tupac 1544–1560
18. Titu Cusi 1563–1571
19.Tupac Amaru 1571–1572
The Spanish Conquistadors under the direction of Pizarro and the Roman Catholic Church, changed the course of the Inca forever. History says that the Inca lived in the Cusco Valley for a long time but it was never discovered where they came from or how long they lived in the Valley until they expanded. It is in the Myth they emerged from three caves somewhere near Lake Titicaca as a fully intact culture.
The Inca named their Empire, in Quechua, “Tahuantinsuyu” or “Tawantinsuyu” in Spanish. Meanings, depending on the translation, “Four parts together”, “The Four Lands together”, “Four United Provinces” and the Apex was Cusco. As it is said, Cusco was the “Navel” of the Inca Empire. The Inka Origin story is very similar to the Maya and the Hopi myths of living and emerging from the underground, which seems to be a theme in many past layers and locations globally.
The Banner of the Tawantinsuyu:
Made and uploaded by Huhsunqu. – Own work. This file is not intended to depict an exact copy of the Inca’s banner, since there isn’t any remaing banner of that times. This reconstruction is based on f. Bernabé Cobo’s description in Historia del Nuevo Mundo (1609), in which he claims the general standard of the incas was the depiction of their “coat of arms” in a squared plain banner. For the Cobo’s narration and the drawing of Inca Garcilaso de la Vega’s coat of arms made in the first print of Comentarios reales de los Incas (see page 411, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2005, Mexico).
Underground cities are found globally and South America has more than its share of myth regarding underground cities and tunnels that connect through the interior and coasts of South America. Piatti and Akakor myth and legend speaks of vast tunnel systems and underground cities, as do the legends from Mexico and the pyramids at Teotihuacan having tunnels that go to the gulf coast. Why is it so hard to believe the myths found globally regarding the emergence from the underground without being overshadowed by mystique and confusion, without knowing the history that surrounds that myth. We are doing it today around the world with the construction of the D.U.M.B.S. (Deep Underground Military Bases). At the end of the day who knows what they are doing underground these days or have done in the past?
As I peeled away the layers here in Peru, I found voids that indicated times of lost knowledge and a blending of ancient history similar to the Old Testament. This pattern of “written” history seems to be global.
I found the same process and style in the Original Translation of the Black book of Carmarthen by Sir Tomas Malory in 1420. The translations of the Arthurian legends and myth we believe today to be the story of King Arthur and Excalibur. One Legend tells the tale of the historical Arthur as one figure, when in actuality it was a string of Kings that were revered and their histories strung together like a finely woven linen into a single legend. I also found similarities in the Story/Myth of Viracocha which was written over a long period of time and combined histories and myths that connect to the far reaches of the planet.
To be continued in part two of Chapter 4 “The Rogue in Me”
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Studying the layout of the “Temple of the Sun” at Ollantaytambo, Peru and wondering where the Pink Granite came from that the Inca supposedly just stopped working on. I was speaking to a supposed archaeologist and her answer was the granite came from the quarries above at Cachicata. According to first hand reports there is no pink granite to be found up there on the other side of the river on the opposite side of the valley.